There are 3 metrics that indicate how fouls factor into an individual's effectiveness:

  1. Free Throw Rate (FTRate)

  2. Fouls committed per 40 minutes played (FC/40)

  3. Fouls drawn per 40 minutes played (FD/40)

Free Throw Rate (FTRate)

Free throw rate measures a player's ability to get to the foul line relative to how often he attempts to score. It takes a players free throw attempts and divides those attempts by the player's total field goal attempts.

FTRate = 100 * FTA / FGA

For example, South Carolina's Sindarius Thornwell's free throw rate was 59.9 in the 2016-2017 season. This ranked 75th amongst all Division-I players.

Thornwell attempted 259 free throws and 438 field goals.

FTRate = 100 * 259 / 438 = 59.9

Fouls committed per 40 minutes played FC/40

This is a straight-forward stat that shows the amount of fouls a player commits per 40 minutes played.

FC/40 = (Fouls committed / MP) * 40

For example, London Perrantes of Virginia committed 1.21 fouls per 40 minutes in 2016-2017. This was 4th in the country.

Perrantes committed 33 fouls playing in 1093 minutes over the season.

FC/40 = (33 / 1093) * 40 = 1.21

Fouls drawn per 40 minutes played (FD/40)

This is a stat developed by KenPom and explained more on this page. It makes several assumptions from Division-I averages, KenPom details below:

Applying all of these assumptions can give a fair estimate of a player's fouls drawn.

For example, Nick Ward of Michigan State drew 8.8 fouls per 40 minutes played in 2016-2017. This ranked 1st in the nation.

Ward played in 694 minutes in the 2016-2017 season drawing about 153 fouls.

FD/40 = (153 / 694) * 40 = 8.8

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